This publication presents efforts from AFREC, to inform decision makers on household energy end-use in all African Countries. It highlights consumption for electricity, biomass and other energy sources for various appliances. It extends to how charcoal and firewood account to more than 80% of energy used for cooking in many households of Africa. It also share differences in household energy use between African regions (North, South etc.) , which provides an alertness to decision makers on the correlation between premature deaths of 500 000 women and children annually, due to indoor air pollution as a result of unclean energy use. Desertification and forest degradation are also one of the serious challenges facing household as they heavily depend on the use of charcoal and firewood as a source of primary energy for cooking, space heating, water heating, lighting etc.